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Primary aged school children have a strong ability to adapt and learn various academic and sensory skills. They progress gradually from fiction to nonfiction, and as a result of interacting with various groups of peers, their individual and social skills develop. Children become more independent and able to cope with different situations and activities. The most important features of this stage are:

1.Physical Growth

This stage in general is of strength, physical health, and continuous activity. Height and weight increase, and exhaustion and fatigue becomes less. General features become sustainable.

Children suffer from teeth problems and cases of decay and damage.

The child’s senses and their functions increase.

Male children have increased activity and strength, while females draw to games that require movements of action.

The physical growth in this stage is affected naturally by the adaptability of feeding and health, and economic conditions of the family.

2.Mental and Linguistic Growth

One of most important features of mental growth in this stage is the child’s ability to memorize, which helps with realistic thinking instead of the fanciful thinking. 

This also makes children capable of critical thinking and motivates them for curiosity and acquiring realistic experiences.

The surrounding environment also helps in increasing mental growth of children through educational motivations provided.   

Linguistic growth in this stage is fluent and children have the ability to express thoughts and needs because social relations and interests get bigger. They can tell short stories and enjoy the events and risks, which help the development of their mental growth in transferring fiction events into reality through repeating verbal vocabulary. 

3.Emotional Development

This stage is characterized by calm and emotional stability. The child’s self-control and suppression of feelings increases. Interpretation and understanding of the situations to which they are exposed before taking an action is evident.

The situations of fear decreases, while fears of failure in performance increase.

A child’s interest to take responsibility increases and to correct their behavior. They evaluate and welcomed humor, and find pleasure in playing competitive games with friends.

In this stage a child hates to be called names of their childhood, underestimated, or coddled. At the same time they are characterized by a lack of egotism.

4.Social Growth

Through the expansion of children’s social relations, connections with others provide them with various experiences and dealing with young children. 

Interests of leadership begin to be clear. Attempts are made to attract the attention of others and show loyalty to a group. Cooperation with its members and contributing to the growth of the organization and collective spirit of competition.

Through consistent experiences with friends and social dealings of moral principles and honesty, children understand integrity and a sense of belonging, and learn religious values.

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